Periodontics is a specialty of dentistry that is dedicated to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal problems, diseases that affect the tissues surrounding and holding the teeth: gum, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and root cementum.
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria present in dental plaque, depending on the degree of involvement, they are called gingivitis or periodontitis. There are factors that influence the appearance of these pathologies, such as tobacco, the ingestion of some drugs in a systemic way, dental malpositions and hereditary factors.
It is very important to treat this type of pathology in time as its evolution leads to the loss of the bone that supports the teeth.
Its treatment begins with a thorough diagnosis and individualized planning in each case.
HOW TO DETECT PERIODONTAL DISEASE?
The most common signs are:
- Inflamed gums
- Bleeding when brushing
- Gum retraction
- Mobility or separation of teeth
- Bad breath
In order to determine if there is periodontal disease, the first thing we will do is a visual and clinical examination. There are different degrees and its evolution depends on when it is detected, so early detection is essential to prevent its progression.